Stop! Cop!

Since 2013, the conversation around policing in America has taken on new life, fueled largely by the proliferation of images and videos of police-involved shootings. Overwhelmingly black and male, the victims of police violence are depicted in these images, their bodies sprawling and lifeless or stricken in the throws of life and death struggles--then and broadcast widely.

These politically charged images have served to actuate and organize activists in movements like BlackLivesMatter, perhaps the most extensive grassroots movement associated with the Black Radical Tradition in recent years. These victims--or more specifically, their images--are held up as heroes and martyrs at once, and their bodies-as-images called upon to serve the cause. But the paradox of heroism in the political sphere--the so called hero-villain dichotomy--has left the victims of police violence open to a secondary assault. Circulating alongside these images is a pointed critique of the situations surrounding their lives in an attempt to legitimize their deaths at the hands of the State and obscure the persistent, systemic violence of policing.

For many there is no question to the nature of State violence at the hands of the police, and the racial inequity of that violence. The perceived ambiguity attached to these images comes precisely from their flatness: a flatness which not only masks the institutional machinery behind each situation, but contributes to their political utility. They serve not to create heroes or villains but icons. It is flatness which leaves these victimized black bodies-as-images prey to appropriation, speculation, and manipulation and prevents their post-mortem embodiment of either the victim-as-hero or victim-as-villain.

This series is in part an act of iconic reification: an attempt to return volume and mass to these victims-as-icons, to represent their multiplicity and reproducibility, and to reposition and re-empower them as agents within the long standing critique of American policing.